Chase, J. A., Atwill, E. R., Partyka, M. L., Bond, R. F., & Oryang, D. 2017. Inactivation of Escherichia coli O157:H7 on Romaine Lettuce When Inoculated in a Fecal Slurry Matrix. J Food Prot. 80(5), 792-798. doi:10.4315/0362-028X.JFP-16-307
Chen, S., E.R. Atwill, F. Zhong, Y. Wei, S. Hou, J. Li, C. Xu, C. Xiao, Z. Yang, and X. Li. 2017. Prevalence and risk factors of Cryptosporidium infection in children with clinical diarrhea in Guangzhou, China. J Bacteriol Parasitol. 8(2):308 doi:10.4172/2155-9597.1000308.
Emond-Rheault J.-G., J. Jeukens, L. Freschi, I. Kukavica-Ibrulj, B. Boyle, M.-J. Dupont, A. Colavecchio, V. Barrere, B. Cadieux, G. Arya, S. Bekal, C. Berry, E. Burnett, C. Cavestri, T.K. Chapin, A. Crouse, F. Daigle, M. D. Danyluk, P. Delaquis, K. Dewar, F. Doualla-Bell, I. Fliss, K. Fong, E. Fournier, E. Franz, R. Garduno, A. Gill, S. Gruenheid, L. J. Harris, C. B. Huang, H. Huang, R. Johnson, Y. Joly, M. Kerhoas, N. Kong, G. Lapointe, L. Larivière, S. Loignon, D. Malo, S. Moineau, W. Mottawea, K. Mukhopadhyay, C. Nadon, J. Nash, I. Ngueng Feze, D. Ogunremi, A. Perets, A.V. Pilar, A.R. Reimer, J. Robertson, J. Rohde, K.E. Sanderson, L. Song, R. Stephan, S. Tamber, P. Thomassin, D. Tremblay, V. Usongo, C. Vincent, S. Wang, J. T. Weadge, M. Wiedmann, L. Wijnands, E.D. Wilson, T. Wittum, C. Yoshida, K. Youfsi, L. Zhu, B. C. Weimer, L. Goodridge, and R.C. Levesque. 2017. A Syst-OMICS Approach to Ensuring Food Safety and Reducing the Economic Burden of Salmonellosis. Front. Microbiol. 8:996.
Ives A.-K., E. Antaki, K. Stewart, S. Francis, M. T. Jay-Russell, F. Sithole, M. T. Kearney, M. J. Griffin, and E. Soto. Detection of Salmonella enterica Serovar Montevideo and Newport in Free-ranging Sea Turtles and Beach Sand in the Caribbean and Persistence in Sand and Seawater Microcosms. Zoonoses Public Health doi: 10.1111/zph.12324 online ahead of print Dec. 23, 2016.
Jensen, D. A., M. D. Danyluk, L. J. Harris, and D. W. Schaffner. 2017. Quantifying bacterial cross contamination rates between fresh cut produce and hands. J. Food Prot. 80(2):213-219.
Kilonzo, C., X. Li, T. Vodoz, C. Xiao, J. A. Chase, M. T. Jay-Russell, E. J. Vivas, and E. R. Atwill. 2017. Quantitative shedding of multiple genotypes of Cryptosporidium and Giardia by deer mice (Peromyscus maniculatus) in a major agricultural region in the California Central Coast. J. Food Prot. 80(5):819-828.
Lambertini, E., J. Barouei, D. W. Schaffner, M. D. Danyluk, and L. J. Harris. 2017. Modeling the risk of salmonellosis from consumption of pistachios produced and consumed in the United States. Food Microbiol. 67:85-96.
Partyka, M. L., R. F. Bond, J. A. Chase, and E. R. Atwill. 2017. Monitoring bacterial indicators of water quality in a tidally influenced delta: A Sisyphean pursuit. Sci. Total Environ. 578:346-356.
Worley, J.N., K.A. Flores, X. Yang, J.A. Chase, G. Caoa, S. Tangc, J. Meng, and E.R. Atwill. 2017. Prevalence and genomic characterization of E. coli O157:H7 in cow-calf herds throughout California. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 83:e00734-17. doi.org/10.1128/AEM.00734-17.
Angelos J., A. Arens, H. Johnson, J. Cadriel, and B. Osburn. 2016. One health in food safety and security education: a curricular framework. Comp. Immunol. Microbiol. Infect. Dis. pp. 29-33.
Antaki, E.M., G. Vellidis, C. Harris, P. Aminabadi, K. Levy, and M. Jay-Russell. 2016. Low Concentration of Salmonella enterica and Generic Escherichia coliin Farm Ponds and Irrigation Distribution Systems Used for Mixed Produce Production in Southern Georgia. Foodborne Pathog. Dis. July 11, 2016, ahead of print. doi:10.1089/fpd.2016.2117.
Davidson, G. R., J. C. Frelka, and L. J. Harris. 2016. Efficacy of peracetic acid-based sprays against microbial loads on conveyors in a walnut hulling facility. Food Prot. Trends 38(4):301-309.
Frelka, J. C., G. R. Davidson, and L. J. Harris. 2016. Changes in aerobic plate and Escherichia coli–coliform counts and in populations of inoculated foodborne pathogens on inshell walnuts during storage. J. Food Prot. 79(7):1143-1153.
Harris, L. J., V. Lieberman, R. P. Mashiana, E. Atwill, M. Yang, J. C. Chandler, B. Bisha, and T. Jones. 2016. Prevalence and amounts of Salmonella found on raw California inshell pistachios. J. Food Prot. 79(8): 1304-1315.
Partyka, M. L., R. F. Bond, J. A. Chase, L. Kiger, and E. R. Atwill. 2016. Multistate evaluation of microbial water and sediment quality from agricultural recovery basins. J Environ Qual. 45(2):657-65.
Penny, C., B. Grothendick, L. Zhang, C. M. Borror, D. Barbano, A. J. Cornelius, B. J. Gilpin, C. K. Fagerquist, W. J. Zaragoza, M. T. Jay-Russell, A. J. Lastovica, C. Ragimbeau, H.-M. Cauchie, and T. R. Sandrin. 2016. A designed experiments approach to optimizing MALDI-TOF MS spectrum processing parameters enhances detection of antibiotic resistance in Campylobacter jejuni. Front. Microbiol. http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fmicb.2016.00818.
Atwill, E.R., J. A. Chase, D. Oryang, R. F. Bond, S. T. Koike, M. D. Cahn, M. Anderson, A. Mokhtari, and S. Dennis. 2015. Transfer of Escherichia coliO157:H7 from simulated wildlife scat onto romaine lettuce during foliar irrigation. J. Food Prot. 78(2): 240-247.
Benjamin, L.A., M. Jay-Russell, E.R. Atwill, M. Cooley, D. Carychao, R.E. Larsen , R.E. Mandrell. 2015. Risk factors for Escherichia coli O157 on beef cattle ranches located near a major produce production region. Epidemiol. Infect. 143(1):81-93.
Brar, P.K., L. G. Proano, L. M. Friedrich, L. J. Harris, and M. D. Danyluk. 2015. Survival of Salmonella,Escherichia coli O157:H7, and Listeria monocytogeneson raw peanut and pecan kernels stored at -24, 4, and 22°C. J. Food Prot. 78(2):323-332.
Davidson, G.R., J. C. Frelka, M. Yang, T. M. Jones, and L. J. Harris. 2015. Prevalence of Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Salmonella on inshell California walnuts. J. Food Prot. 78(8):1547–1553.
Frelka, J. C., and L. J. Harris. 2015. Evaluation of microbial loads and the effects of antimicrobial sprays in postharvest handling of California walnuts. Food Microbiol. 48:133-142.
Jensen, D. A., M. D. Danyluk, L. J. Harris, and D. W. Schaffner. 2015. Quantifying the effect of handwash duration, soap use, ground beef debris and drying methods on the removal of Enterobacter aerogenes on hands. J. Food Prot. 78(4):685–690.
Jensen, D. A., L. M. Friedrich, L. J. Harris, M. D. Danyluk, and D. W. Schaffner. 2015. Cross contamination of Escherichia coli O157:H7 between lettuce and wash water during home-scale washing. Food Microbiol. 46:428-433.
Karp, D.S., S. Gennet, C. Kilonzo, M. Partyka, N. Chaumont, E.R. Atwill, and C. Kremen. 2015. Co-managing fresh produce for nature conservation and food safety. Proceeding of the National Academy of Sciences. 112(35): 11126–11131.
Li, X., E.R. Atwill, E. Antaki, O. Applegate, B. Bergamaschi, R.F. Bond, J. Chase, K. Ransom, W. Samuels, N. Watanabe, and T. Harter. 2015. Fecal indicator and pathogenic bacteria and their antibiotic resistance in alluvial groundwater of an irrigated agricultural region with dairies. J. Environ. Qual. 44(5):1435-1447.
Li, X., M.D.G.C. Pereira, R. Larsen, C. Xiao, T. Vodoz, R. Phillips, K. Striby, B. McCowan, and E.R. Atwill. 2015. Cryptosporidium rubeyi n. sp. (Apicomplexa: Cryptosporidiidae) in multiple Spermophilus ground squirrel species. International Journal for Parasitology: Parasites and Wildlife 4(3):343-350. doi:10.1016/j.ijppaw.2015.08.005
Li, B., S.A. Jackson, J. Gangiredla, W. Wang, H. Liu, B.D. Tall, J. J-G. Beaubrun, M. Jay-Russell, G. Vellidis, and C.A. Elkinsa. 2015. Genomic evidence suggests re-introduction events of Salmonella Newport in irrigation ponds in Suwannee watershed. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 81(24):8243-53. doi:10.1128/AEM.02179-15.
Lieberman, V. M., I. Y. Zhao, D. W. Schaffner, M. D. Danyluk, and L. J. Harris. 2015. Survival or growth of inoculated Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Salmonella on yellow onions (Allium cepa) under conditions simulating foodservice and consumer handling and storage. J. Food Prot. 78(1):42–50.
Pan, F., X. Li, J. Carabez, G. Ragosta, K. L. Fernandez, E. Wang, A. Thiptara, E. Antaki, and E. R. Atwill. 2015. Cross-sectional survey of indicator and pathogenic bacteria on vegetables sold from Asian vendors at farmers’ markets in Northern California. J. Food Prot. 78(3):602-608.
Blessington, T., E. J. Mitcham, and L.J. Harris. 2014 Growth and survival of Enterobacteriaceae and inoculated Salmonella on walnut hulls and maturing walnut fruit. J. Food Prot. 77(9):1462–1470.
Jay-Russell, M.T., A. F. Hake , Y. Bengson, A. Thiptara, and T. Nguyen. 2014. Prevalence and characterization of Escherichia coli and Salmonella strains isolated from stray dog and coyote feces in a major leafy greens production region at the United States-Mexico border. PLoS ONE 9(11) pub. Nov. 20
Jensen, H. H., S. Pouliot, T. Wang, and M.T. Jay-Russell. 2014. Development of a cost-effectiveness analysis of leafy green marketing agreement irrigation water provisions. J. Food Prot. 77(6) 872-1042.
Kopit, L.M., E.B. Kim, R.J. Siezen, L.J. Harris, and M.L. Marco. 2014. Safety of the surrogate Enterococcus faecium NRRL B-2354 for use in thermal process validation. Appl. Env. Microbiol. 80(6):1899-909.
Li, X, N. Watanabe, C. Xiao, T. Harter, B. McCowan, Y. Liu, and E.R. Atwill. 2014. Antibiotic-resistant E. coli in surface water and groundwater in dairy operations in Northern California. Environ. Monit. Assess. 186(2):1253-1260.
Li, B., G. Vellidis, H. Liu, M. Jay-Russell, S. Zhao, Z. Hua, A. Wright, and C.A. Elkins. 2014. Diversity and antimicrobial resistance of Salmonella enterica isolated from surface water in Southeastern U.S. Appl. Env. Microbiol. 80(20):6355-65.
McKellar, R. C., F. Peréz Rodríguez, L. J. Harris, A. Moyne, B. Blais, E. Topp, G. Bezanson, S. Bach, and P. Delaquis. 2014. Evaluation of different approaches for modelling Escherichia coli O157:H7 survival on field lettuce. Int. J. Food Microbiol. 184:74-85.
Partyka, M. L., R.F. Bond, J. Farrar, A. Falco, B. Cassens, A. Cruse, and E.R. Atwill. 2014. Quantifying the sensitivity of scent detection dogs to identify fecal contamination on raw produce. J. Food Prot. 77(1): 6-14.
Benjamin, L., E.R. Atwill, M. Jay-Russell, M. Cooley, D. Carychao, L. Gorski, and R.E. Mandrell. 2013. Occurrence of generic Escherichia coli, E. coli O157 and Salmonella spp. in water and sediment from leafy green produce farms and streams on the Central California coast. Int. J. Food Microbiol. 165(1):65-76.
Blessington, T., C.G. Theofel, and L.J. Harris. 2013. A dry-inoculation method for nut kernels. Food Microbiol. 33:292-297.
Blessington, T., C. G. Theofel, E. J. Mitcham, and L. J. Harris. 2013. Survival of foodborne pathogens on inshell walnuts. Int. J. Food Microbiol. 166:341–348.
Cooley, M.B., M. Jay-Russell, E.R. Atwill, D. Carychao, K. Nguyen, B. Quiñones, R. Patel, S. Walker, M. Swimley, E. Pierre-Jerome, A.G. Gordus, and R.E. Mandrell . 2013. Development of a robust method for isolation of Shiga toxin-positive Escherichia coli (STEC) from fecal, plant, soil and water samples from a leafy greens production region in California. PLoSONE 8(6): e65716.
Gorski, L., M.T. Jay-Russell, A.S. Liang, S. Walker, Y. Bengson, J. Govoni, and R.E. Mandrell. 2013. Diversity of pulsed-field gel electrophoresis pulsotypes, serovars, and antibiotic resistance among Salmonella isolates from wild amphibians and reptiles in the California Central Coast. Foodborne Pathog. Dis. 10(6): 540-548.
Harris, L. J., E.D. Berry, T. Blessington, M. Erickson, M. Jay-Russell, X. Jiang, K. Killinger, F. C. Michel, Jr., P. Millner, K. Schneider, M. Sharma, T.V. Suslow, L. Wang, and R. W. Worobo. 2013. A framework for developing research protocols for evaluation of microbial hazards and controls during production that pertain to the application of untreated soil amendments of animal origin on land used to grow produce that may be consumed raw. J. Food Prot. 76(6), 1062–1084.
Hoar, B., E.R. Atwill, L. Carlton, J.L. Celis, J. Carabez, and T. Nguyen. 2013. Buffers between grazing sheep and leafy crops augment food safety. Calif. Agric. 67(2):104-109. DOI: 10.3733/ca.v067n02p104. April-June 2013.
Jay-Russell, M.T. 2013. What is the risk from wild animals in food-borne pathogen contamination of plants? CAB Reviews 2013 8, No. 040.
Jay-Russell, M.T., R. E. Mandrell, J. Yuan, A. Bates, R. Manala, J. Mohle-Boetani, A. Kimura, J. Lidgard and W.G. Miller. 2013. Using major outer membrane protein typing as an epidemiological tool to investigate outbreaks caused by milk-borne Campylobacter jejuni isolates in California. J. Clin. Microbiol. 51(1): 195-201
Jay-Russell, M.T., J.E. Madigan, Y. Bengson, S. Madigan, A. Fisher, J. Foley, and B.A. Byrne. 2013. Salmonella Oranienburg isolated from horses, wild turkeys and an edible home garden fertilized with raw horse manure. Zoonoses Public Health 61(1):64-71.
Jay-Russell, M.T., R.E. Mandrell, J. Yuan, A. Bates, R. Manalac, J. Mohle-Boetani, A. Kimura, J. Lindgard, and W.E. Miller. 2013. Using MOMP typing as an epidemiologic tool to investigate milkborne Campylobacter jejuni outbreaks in California. J. Clin. Microbiol. 51(1): 195-201.
Jensen, D.A., L.M. Friedrich, L.J. Harris, M.D. Danyluk, and D.W. Schaffner. 2013. Quantifying transfer rates of Salmonella and E. coli O157:H7 between fresh cut produce and common kitchen surfaces. Journal of Food Protection. 76(9):1530-1538.
Kilonzo C., X. Li, E.J. Vivas, M.T. Jay-Russell, K.L. Fernandez and E.R. Atwill. 2013. Fecal shedding of zoonotic food-borne pathogens by wild rodents in a major agricultural region of the Central California Coast. Appl. Environ. Microbiol 79(20): 6337-6344. doi: 10.1128/AEM.01503-13.
Langholz, J.A., and M.T. Jay-Russell. 2013. Potential role of wildlife in pathogenic contamination of fresh produce. Human–Wildlife Interactions 7(1):140–157.
Lewis, D.J., E.R. Atwill, M.D.G.C. Pereira, and R. Bond. 2013. Transport dynamics of fecal coliform and commensal E. coli associated with suspended solids and water within five Northern California estuaries. J. Environ. Qual. 42:229-238.
Li, D., L.M. Friedrich, M.D. Danyluk, L.J. Harris, and D.W. Schaffner. (2013). Development and validation of a mathematical model for growth of pathogens in cut melons. J. Food Prot. 76(6), 953–958.
Moyne, A.-L., L.J. Harris, and M.L. Marco. 2013. Assessments of total and viable Escherichia coli on field and laboratory grown lettuce. PLOS ONE. 8(7):e70643.
Palumbo, M., L. J. Harris, and M. D. Danyluk. 2013. Survival of pathogens on berries. FSHN14-XX. Food Science and Human Nutrition Department, Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida.
Palumbo, M., L. J. Harris, and M. D. Danyluk (2013). Outbreaks of foodborne illness associated with common berries, 1983 through May 2013. FSHN13-08, 1–9.
Schaffner, D.W., R. L. Buchanan, S. Calhoun, M.D. Danyluk, L.J. Harris, D. Djordjevic, R. C. Whiting, B. Kottapalli, and M. Wiedmann. 2013. Issues to consider when setting intervention targets with limited data for low-moisture food commodities: A peanut case study. J. Food Prot. 76(2):360-369.
Vandamm, J. P., D. Li, L. J. Harris, D.W. Schaffner, and M.D. Danyluk. May 2013. Fate of Escherichia coli O157:H7, Listeria monocytogenes, and Salmonella on fresh-cut celery. Food Microbiol. 34(1):151-157
VanderWaal, K.L., E.R. Atwill, L.A. Isbell, and B. McCowan. 2013. Linking social and pathogen transmission networks using microbial genetics in giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis). J. Anim. Ecol. 83(2):406–414
Williams, T.R., A. Moyne, L.J. Harris, and M.L. Marco. 2013. Season, irrigation, leaf age, and Escherichia coli inoculation influence the bacterial diversity in the lettuce phyllosphere. PLOS ONE. 8(7):e68642.
Abd, S.J., K.L. McCarthy, and L.J. Harris. 2012. Impact of storage time and temperature on thermal inactivation of Salmonella Enteritidis PT 30 on oil-roasted almonds. J. Food Sci. 77(1):M42-M47.
Atwill, E.R., M. Jay-Russell, X. Li, E. Vivas, C. Kilonzo, and R. Mandrell. 2012. Methodological and epidemiological concerns when comparing microbial food safety risks from wildlife, livestock, and companion animals. Proc. 25th Vertebrate Pest Conference, R.M. Timm, Ed., UC Davis.
Blessington, T., E.J. Mitcham, and L.J. Harris. 2012. Survival of Salmonella enterica, Escherichia coli O157:H7, and Listeria monocytogenes on inoculated walnut kernels during storage. J. Food Prot. 75:245-254.
Harris, L.J., J. Bender, E. A. Bihn, T. Blessington, M.D. Danyluk, P. Delaquis, L. Goodridge, A. M. Ibekwe, S. Ilic, K. Kniel, J.T. LeJeune, D.W. Schaffner, D. Stoeckel, and T.V. Suslow. 2012. A framework for developing research protocols for evaluation of microbial hazards and controls during production that pertain to the quality of agricultural water contacting fresh produce that may be consumed raw. J. Food Prot. 75(12):2251-2273.
Harris, L.J., A.R. Uesugi, S.J. Abd, and K.L. McCarthy. 2012. Survival of Salmonella Enteritidis PT30 on inoculated almond kernels in hot water treatments. Food Res. Int. 45:1093-1098.
Jay-Russell, M.T., A. Bates, L. Harden, W.G. Miller, and R.E. Mandrell. 2012. Isolation of Campylobacter from feral swine (Sus scrofa) on the ranch associated with the 2006 Escherichia coli O157:H7 spinach outbreak investigation in California. Zoonoses Public Health 59(5): 314-319.
Jay-Russell, M.T., J. Montfort, Y. Liu, S. Huang, L. Gorski, M. Cooley, R. Mandrell, J. Wheeler, D. Reis, X. Li, and E.R. Atwill. 2012. Zoonotic risks from amphibians and reptiles. Proc. 25th Vertebrate Pest Conference, R.M. Timm, Ed., UC Davis.
Kim E.B., L.M. Kopit, L.J. Harris, and M.L. Marco. November 2012. Draft genome sequence of the quality control strain Enterococcus faecalis ATCC 29212. Journal of Bacteriology 194(21):6006-6007.
Kimber, M. A., H. Kaur, L. Wang, M.D. Danyluk, and L.J. Harris. 2012. Survival of Salmonella, Escherichia coli O157:H7, and Listeria monocytogenes on inoculated almonds and pistachios stored at –19, 4, and 24°C. J. Food Prot. 75:1394–1403.
Lambertini, E., M.D. Danyluk, D.W. Schaffner, C.K. Winter, and L.J. Harris. 2012. Risk of salmonellosis from consumption of almonds in the North American market. Food Res. Int. 45(2):1166–1174.
Li, X., E. R. Atwill, E. Vivas, T. Vodovoz, C. Xiao, and M. Jay-Russell. 2012. Detection and prevalence of Cryptosporidium spp. and Giardia spp. from wild rodents adjacent to produce production fields in California. Proc. 25th Vertebrate Pest Conference, R.M. Timm, Ed., UC Davis.
Park, Y., E.R. Atwill, L. Hou, A.I. Packman, and T. Harter. 2012. Deposition of Cryptosporidium parvum oocysts in porous media: a synthesis of attachment efficiencies measured under varying environmental conditions. Environ. Science Technol. 46:9491-9500
Unc, A., M.J. Goss, S. Cook, X. Li, E.R. Atwill, and T. Harter. 2012. . Analysis of matrix effects critical to microbial transport through the vadose zone to groundwater. Water Resources Res. 48 (6), W00L12.
Gorski, L., C.T. Parker, A. Liang, M.B. Cooley, M.T. Jay-Russell, A.G. Gordus, E.R. Atwill, and R.E. Mandrell. 2011. Prevalence, distribution and diversity of Salmonella enterica in a major produce region of California. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 77: 2734-48.
Moyne, A., M.R. Sudarshana, T. Blessington, S.T. Koike, M.D. Cahn,and L.J. Harris. 2011. Fate of Escherichia coli O157:H7 in field-inoculated lettuce . Food Microbiol, 28:1417-1425.
Bansal, A., T.M. Jones, S.J. Abd, M.D. Danyluk, and L.J. Harris. 2010. Most-probable-number determination of Salmonella levels in naturally contaminated raw almonds using two sample preparation methods. J. Food Prot. 73(11):1986-1992.
Du, W-X, S.J. Abd, K.L. McCarthy and L.J. Harris. 2010. Reduction of Salmonella on inoculated almonds exposed to hot oil. J. Food Prot. 73 (7):1238–1246.
Du, W-X, M.D. Danyluk and L.J. Harris. 2010. Efficacy of aqueous and alcohol-based quaternary ammonium sanitizers for reducing Salmonella in dusts generated in almond hulling and shelling facilities. J. Food Sci. 75(1): M7-M13.
Jay-Russell, M.T. (Book Review). 2010. Food security in a global economy: veterinary medicine and public health. J. Am. Vet. Medical Assoc. 235: 2009. [not available on-line]
Jay-Russell, M.T. 2010. Raw (unpasteurized) milk: are health-conscious consumers making an unhealthy choice? Clin. Infect. Dis., 51: 1418-9.
National Advisory Committee on Microbiological Criteria for Foods. 2010. Parameters for determining inoculated pack/challenge study protocols. J. Food Prot. 73(1):140-202.
Parker, C. T., S. Huynh, B. Quinones, L. J. Harris, and Robert E. Mandrell. June 2010. Comparison of genotypes of salmonella enterica serovar Enteritidis Phage Type 30 and 9c strains isolated during three outbreaks associated with raw almonds. Appl. Environ. Microbiol 76(11): 3723-31.